When the physician diagnoses this disease, the first question seems to be what is IBS and how it is caused. Also, is there any cure for it? The IBS can be defined as the Irritable bowel syndrome. IBS is quite a common disease which affects most of the people worldwide.

What is IBS?

IBS is the initials of the Irritable bowel syndrome. It can be broadly defined as the digestive health disorder related to the malfunction of the human intestine. It is a fact that each body part of the human body, whether it is small or large has its own importance in the regular functioning of the body. So, if there is some malfunctioning due to any reason, the body suffers with the disease and cannot function well.  With IBS, or Irritable bowel syndrome as it is called, the body suffers in the intestine. There are various causes according to the experts. Some say it is due to the deficiency in the immune system or the infection in the body’s gastrointestinal tract.  Also, the anxiety is said to be one of the major reason of this disease.

what is ibs

Defining what Is IBS by looking at the symptoms

Symptoms are the early and reliable signs for recognizing any disease in the body. By sighting and recognizing symptoms we can help to diagnose and start the appropriate medical treatment to cure the human body. The most common symptoms of the IBS are the abnormal bowel movements, intestinal problems and the painful cramps in the abdomen of the person who is suffering from IBS. Also, the affected person suffers from diarrhoea and constipation. The person can also experience the feeling of bloating, cramps, the presence of mucus in stools and flatulence. He also experiences the feeling of the incomplete evacuation. In all, the affected person is very uncomfortable and feeling pain.

If you are experiencing some or all the symptoms, you should visit your physician immediately and describe everything to him. The physician will recommend different medical tests to confirm the medical diagnosis. The medical tests include blood sampling, stool sampling, colonoscopy and the x-ray. For confirming the medical diagnosis, the physician may also check the list of symptoms, which is generally known as the Rome III Criteria.

The treatment of this disease includes the intake of some food regularly and the avoidance of others.

With the fast modern lifestyle, IBS is rapidly becoming common disease among the people around the world. IBS is generally known as the Irritable bowel syndrome. There are various causes of the IBS, which range from the anxiety suffered by the people to the deficiency in the immune system. Also, one of the major cause of the disease is the gastrointestinal tract infection. With the increasing hectic and bad lifestyle, the diagnosis of the IBS is on rise among the people. With that the question, What is IBS?, is being increasingly asked by the people. So, you can find some of the answers of the question What is IBS in this article for your knowledge.


IBS stands for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). It is a form of gastrointestinal disorders. If there are changes in the working of the gastrointestinal tract, you might want to suffer with IBS. IBS cannot be termed as a disease. The symptoms that are associated with IBS include pain in the abdomen, discomfort in the stomach, diarrhoea, constipation and shuttling between constipation and diarrhoea. IBS was termed as mucous colitis, nervous colon and spastic bowel. There are physical as well as mental causes for the prevalence of this syndrome.



IBM is diagnosed when a person complains of pain or discomfort in the abdomen. If the discomfort happens recurrently 3 times per month and in the last three months, it can be taken for IBS. The patient will be relieved of the discomfort after the bowel movement.

It is classified into 4 subtypes based on the stool consistency. It is important to figure out into which subtype the patient will come in so that effective treatment can be initialized. The four subtypes are IBS with constipation, IBS with diarrhoea, Mixed IBS and unsubtyped IBS.

Subtypes of IBS

  • If hard stools are present for at least 25% of the time or watery stools are present for less than 25% of the time, it is termed as IBS with constipation (IBS-C).
  • If hard stools are present for at less than 25% of the time or watery stools are present for at least 25% of the time, it is termed as IBS with diarrhoea (IBS-D).
  • If hard stools are present for at least 25% of the time or watery stools are present for at least 25% of the time, it is termed as IBS with Mixed (IBS-M).
  • If hard stools are present for less than 25% of the time or watery stools are present for less than 25% of the time, it is termed as IBS with unsubtyped (IBS-U).

How you will be affected with IBS?

3 To 20% of the people are affected with IBS. It is observed that only one tenth of the affected people with consult the doctor for medical help. The condition is more present in people who are less than 45 years of age and the prevalence in women in double than in men.

IBS symptoms

There will be discomfort in the stomach. There will be irregular bowel movements. Either there will be a higher frequency of bowel movements or there will not be any bowel movements at all. There might be toggling between constipation and diarrhoea. There might be mucus which is produced by the intestines which is helpful in coating and protecting the tissues in the GI tract. There will be abdominal bloating. You will feel that the bowel movement is incomplete. You will find that the symptoms will be present after the intake of food.

The possible causes for IBS include brain-gut signal problems, GI motor problems, hypersensitivity, bacterial gastroenteritis and the overgrowth of the small intestine. Mental health issues also will lead to IBS.